Aigues-Mortes 1bis

Aigues-Mortes is a medieval fortified city in the Camargue, in the south of France.

The creation of the city of Aigues-Mortes is attributed to Marius Caius, around 102 BC. According to Pagezy, it was not until the Xth century that a document was discovered, showing a region called Ayga Mortas.

In 1240, Louis IX must leave on a crusade with the others sovereigns of Europe to take over Jerusalem. Not possessing a port open to the Mediterranean, the King decided that Aquae Mortuae (Dead Water) be the point of departure for his expedition.

To the east, the port of Marseille belonged to the emporer Germain and to the west, the barony of Montpellier was ruled by the king of Aragon. Aigues-Mortes is nevertheless not a port since it is located on the shores of an immense lagoon that only communicates with the sea by estuaries. The ships travelled by a canal that was dug through ponds to the sea. It was the embarkation point of the Seventh Crusade (1248) and the Eighth Crusade (1270).

The city became an important economic area for trade with eastern countries. It was also at this time that Saint-Louis built the Tower of Constance on the ruins of the Matafère Tower (built by Charlemagne) to protect the coast, the port, and the city.The History of Aigues-Mortes